Aging Surfer Case – Term Paper

Basal Cell Carcinoma Causes and Primary Risk Factors

Basal cell carcinoma is a malignancy which usually develops on sun exposed parts of the body. It appears as a change in the skin, such as growth or a sore that will take a longer time to heal. (Beaumont, & Brown, 2014)

Factors that primarily increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma include: Long-term sun exposure. Spending a lot of time in the sun or living in a sunny or high altitude location giving high exposure to intense UV radiation leads to severe sunburn increasing the risk of BCC. Light or fair skinned people are at higher risk especially those with flaxen skin or red hair and light-colored eyes as they freckle and burn easily. Basal cell carcinoma occurs to individuals at old-age because it take time to develop thus age is also considered a primary factor. Sex is also considered a factor as men are more susceptible than women. The history of the individual’s family having skin cancer can be a factor. And finally, inherited syndromes that cause skin cancer may often cause BCC (De Zwaan, & Haass, 2009).

How are malignant and Benign Tumors Similar?

The tumors can both develop quite sized, both of them being very life-threatening and also they both can regrow locally. 

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Differences between Benign and Malignant Tumors

Generally malignant tumors develops more-faster than benign tumors. Secondly, benign tumors spreads out topically, whereas malignant tumors can spread all over body via circulatory system and other channels. In addition benign tumors concentrates at a point as malignant tumors can chip off to other body parts. Further, benign tumors rarely regrow after surgery, whereas malignant tumors occur again much more commonly. In completion Malignant tumors are more likely to have general body effects than benign tumors. And lastly, benign tumors propels around 13,000 death annually in US while malignant tumors cause over 575,000. Thus malignant tumor is more dangerous.  


Beaumont, E., & Brown, D. (2014). ‘Once a Local Surfer, Always a Local Surfer’: Local Surfing Careers in a Southwest English Village. Leisure Sciences, 37(1), 68-86. 

De Zwaan, S., & Haass, N. (2009). Genetics of basal cell carcinoma. Australasian Journal Of Dermatology, 51(2), 81-92.