Chronic low back pain is pain that lasts for more than three consecutive months. It is associated with degenerative disc disease that impairs spinal motion. Degenerative disc disease is common in elderly persons and may end up causing severe lower back pain. Regardless of the many studies conducted, the results of spinal fusion after degenerative disc disease are not well established. This situation, thereby, triggered the research in order to outline the overall outcomes after a successful surgery apparently. There is also little knowledge of whether the physical therapy after a surgery works at all. The research conducted was a comparison of many previous studies that have covered the degenerative disc disease and establish the standard solutions they have offered. All the materials and the methodology used are discussed at length while the last section gives the discussions and the proposed conclusions.