Socrates should have stayed in prison and faced his execution. The key arguments for Socrates staying in prison can be thought of in three perspectives. One of the key perspectives is living well argument. By escaping prison, then Socrates would have ruined his own soul. According to Socrates, it is not living a life that has been ruined. This means that Socrates comprehended the importance of living a just and moral life. The second perspective as to why Socrates should not escape prison in that they may be adverse consequences to the city of Athens. As a famous person, Socrates would definitely have an adverse impact on the laws of Athens and may thus destroy Athens. By harming Athens, the people of Athens would also be harmed. He should thus stay and face execution while in prison. The third perspective is the agreement that he made with the city. Socrates valued his reputation therefore, he was willing to stay and face the consequences of his actions.
The argument for Socrates escaping prison is that he had a responsibility to his children and his friends. if one has an opportunity to choose between life and death; it is normal for them to choose life. According to Rogers et al., (89), the issue of reputation should not be a pillar while deciding as to whether to live or not. There may have been instances whereby Socrates would have had the chance to change the reputation that he had in public. Once Socrates dies, the opportunity to change the reputation also dies. People have to make choices based on the circumstances that they are in. Socrates chose an option that was not the best based on the circumstances.
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Rogers, Jack, Forrest E. Baird, and Robert A. Evans. Introduction to Philosophy: A Case Method Approach. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 1998. Print