What Is a Biodiversity Hotspot?
Biodiversity refers to the rate at which the living organisms are widespread on the earth; this is in a way that the living organisms both plants and animals are distributed and also the way other external factors affect their distribution all over the earth. The distribution of plants on the earth is affected by the climatic changes that keep on changing now and then; this has posted a great threat to most of the indigenous and natural state of our plants more so when it comes to the state of the forest. The survival of the natural forest is much affected by the changes in climate and other factors that pose a threat to the forest. In this paper, I will discuss the distribution of natural forest in the world and also the changes in the climate that affect the survival of natural forest in the world, also, will be able to talk about the causes of climatic change in the world.
The natural forest that is in the world are those that grew by themselves without being planted or being planned for they ‘just come into existence on their own, this has been effected by the favorable climatic conditions thus the forest striving best, on the other hand, the climate has been changing rapidly and this has had adverse effects on the woods thus making the forests to either fade away thus raising the alarm and leading to the rise of planted forests which now clear the natural ones, I am going to discuss all the climatic changes and the effects on the distribution of the natural forest in the world (Gradstein, Homeier, & Gansert, 2010).
Natural forests are those forests that were not planted by man but the one that just grew themselves without any control or being monitored by any person. The distribution and survival of the forests have been a keen factor that is being observed and controlled since the natural forests are a habitat for most of the wild animals that also are faced with extinction when their natural habitat is being invaded or destroyed by the change in climate that also are the causes of human activities. The distribution of natural forest is reducing significantly and now to the extent that the natural forests are concentrated on the tropics that is the Tropic of Capricorn, Equator and the tropic of cancer. This is because the climate around this region is in a way favorable and tries to maintain the standards that favor the natural forests as said by (Gradstein, Homeier, & Gansert, 2010).
Abrupt Climate Changes
This distribution is at all cost determined by the rapid climatic changes that are unpredictable and also the keep changing to the worst on each day (Lovejoy, & Hannah, 2005). This has caused the natural forests to be faced out in other areas because they are unable to cope up with the harsh climate in those regions, in areas that are faced with drought and there is little or at times no rain will at no point be in the position to support the natural forest since there will be lack of water for the trees, on the other hand taking the type of climate that is favorable in the sense that there is adequate rain and the soils are favorable too, (Laurie, (2015) this comes in when the area is in a way affected by more of the industrial chemicals that will make the ozone layer in that area unfavorable and so this results to acid rain that instead of now being used by the trees for water the acid rain instead corrodes the trees and thus killing them and so making it unfit for the trees to survive in such areas and so this makes the place unfavorable for the forests to thrive (Perera, Buse, & Weber, 2004).
The climate around the world is not constant and the same in a way that, different regions have different types of climate, and it is only the individuals in that specific region who will be in the position to affect the change that is in the case of (Zachos, & Habel, 2011). The areas that have the natural rain forest are in a way having a favorable climate that will be able to support a planted forest, this climate will always not be well distributed in all the regions but just in a few selected regions of the world and so this makes the region favorable for the support of the natural forest, the climate at this areas will always be conserved so as not to destroy the already existing natural forests.
The change in climate is a gradual process that takes place in a series of years, and this can take place in a series of years following a series of exposure of harmful and adverse effects that will temper up with the climate (Leveque, & Mounolou.2003). One of the biggest problems that pose great threat to the changing of the climate is the depletion of the ozone layer, this layer protects the earth from the harmful rays of the sun, but because of the harmful gases that are emitted into the atmosphere from the earth by human activities, this gases corrode the ozone layer thus exposing the earth to this harmful rays and so this automatically changes the climatic sequence of the earth and this also will now lead to a sequence that is changed by the already existing living organisms more so the natural plants and forests thus posing a threat to the survival of the natural forests and their distribution on the earth (Laar, & Akca, 2007).
In conclusion, the climatic changes that take place in the world always have an adverse effect on the distribution of the natural forest, this is in a sense that when the change always occurs it will have a negative impact on the survival of the natural forest thus making them to only survive in one specific region that will at one point have the good climate that will support them (Chapman, & Roberts, 1997). These changes will always be followed by destruction and the lowering the percentage of the earth surface that is covered by the natural forests.
Blaser, J., Carter, J. & Gilmour, D. (1998). Biodiversity and sustainable use of Kyrgyzstan’s walnut-fruit forests : proceedings of the seminar, Arslanbob, Dzalal-abab Oblast, Kyrgyzstan, 4-8 September 1995. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
Gradstein, S., Homeier, J. ; Gansert, D. (2010). The tropical mountain forest : patterns and processes in a biodiversity hotspot. Place of publication not identified Akron, Ohio: Universitatsverlag Gottingen Distributed by University of Akron Press.
Laurie, V. (2015). The Southwest : Australia’s biodiversity hotspot. Crawley, W.A: UWA Publishing.
Leveque, C. & Mounolou. (2003). Biodiversity. Chichester: Wiley.
Lovejoy, T. & Hannah, L. (2005). Climate change and biodiversity. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Maczulak, A. (2010). Biodiversity : conserving endangered species. New York: Facts On File.
Perera, A., Buse, L. & Weber, M. (2004). Emulating natural forest landscape disturbances : concepts and applications. New York: Columbia University Press.
Zachos, F. & Habel, J. (2011). Biodiversity hotspots : distribution and protection of conservation priority areas. Berlin New York: Springer.
Chapman, J. & Roberts, M. (1997). Biodiversity : the abundance of life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Laar, A. & Akca, A. (2007). Forest mensuration. Dordrecht: Springer.